The Blue Sheet is Australia's most widely used reference on Australian coins and the first Australian reference to value coins to the Sheldon numerical standard for more precise valuations. The Blue Sheet values Australian coins from New South Wales' Holey Dollar and Dump right up to our present circulating currency and provides a valuable insight into Australia's fascinating history through its circulating coins.
While technically coinage of the British colony of New South Wales, the Holey Dollar and Dump are widely considered to be Australia’s first coins. Authorised by the colony’s first Governor Lachlan Macquarie, the Holey Dollar and Dump hold their place as some of the most valuable Australian coins.
Following the gold rushes of the mid 1800s, the Sydney branch of the Royal mint opened its doors in 1855 to begin striking gold sovereigns and half sovereigns. Although these were British coins, the uniquely Australian design led to the consensus of these being Australian coins and are generally collected as such. These coins, along with the Adelaide Assay Office pieces can be found under the gold section of this site.
Australia struck her first coins in 1910 with the silver denominations of florin, shilling, sixpence and threepence. Copper coins were struck the following year with the denomination of penny and half penny - Australia never produced any farthings. These coins can be found under the Commonwealth Coinage section of the site.
On February 14, 1966 Australia converted to the decimal system and began producing coins with the denominations of one cent, two cent, five cent, ten cent, twenty cent and fifty cent. Although a one dollar was proposed, it wouldn't eventuate until 1984. These coins can be found under the Decimal Coinage section of this site.
In 1986, citing strong international demand, the Perth mint reopened and began producing a series of bullion coins in both proof and specimen finishes with gold coins struck in 1986 and silver coins later beginning in 1990. Since then a multitude of other commemorative coins struck in precious metal have been produced by the Perth mint. These can be found under the Perth mint section of the site.